University of Benin (UNIBEN) Civil Engineering Courses from 1st year to final year. Course Content and Structure to guide UNIBEN Students, Aspirants, Jamb Candidates and the General Public.
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UNIBEN 200 Level Civil Engineering Courses
|Engineering Mathematics I||2|
|Engineering Computer Programming||2|
|Engineer in Society||2|
|Applied Mechanics I||3|
|Strength in Materials I||3|
|Laboratory/ Workshop Practice I||2|
|Engineering Mathematics II|
|Engineering Mechanics II||3|
|Engineering Drawing II||3|
|Electrical Engineering II||3|
|Manufacturing Technology II||2|
|Elements of Architecture I||3|
|Laboratory/Workshop Practice II||2|
300 LEVEL CIVIL ENGINEERING
|Fluid Mechanics I||2|
|Manufacturing Technology III||2|
|Strength of Materials II||3|
|Elements of Architecture II||3|
|Engineering Geology I||3|
|Electrical Engineering III||3|
|Laboratory/ Design Studio||2|
|Fluid Mechanics II|
|Civic Engineering Materials||3|
|Structural Mechanics I||2|
|Engineering Geology II||2|
|Soil Mechanics I||3|
|Engineering Surveying and Geoinfomatics I||3|
|Laboratory/ Design Studio II||2|
|Engineering Mathematics II||4|
|Fluid Mechanics II||2|
400 LEVEL CIVIL ENGINEERING
|Structural Mechanics II||2|
|Design of Structures II||2|
|Technical communication and Computer-aided Design||2|
|Hydraulics and hydrology||2|
|Introduction to transportation Engineering||3|
|Soil Mechanics II||2|
|Engineering Surveying & Geoinfomatics II||3|
|Civil Engineering Practice & Law||2|
|Applied Engineering Mathematics||3|
|Laboratory/ Design Studio III||2|
|University of Benin Industrial Training Scheme for Six Months|
500 LEVEL CIVIL ENGINEERING
|Engineering Management Economics and AdministrationEngineering Management Economics and Administration||3|
|Structural Mechanics III||2|
|Design of Structures III||2|
|Civil Engineering Hydraulics||2|
|Engineering Hydrology I||2|
|Final Year Project I||6|
|Laboratory/ Design Studio IV||6|
|Advanced Structural Mechanics||3|
|Water Resources and Environmental Engineering I||3|
|Traffic Management, Planning and Highway Economics||3|
|Special Topics in Geotechnical Engineering||3|
|Building Technology I||3|
|Building and Civil Engineering measurement and evaluation||3|
|Engineering Management Economics II|
|Structural Mechanics IV||2|
|Design of Structures IV||2|
|Engineering Hydrology II||2|
|Geotechnical Engineering II||2|
|Final Year Project II||6|
|Advanced Structural Engineering II||3|
|Water Resources and Environmental Engineering II||3|
|Advanced Pavement Design and construction||3|
|Special Topics in Geotechnical Engineering||3|
|Building Technology II||3|
200 Level Civil Engineering
CVE211: STRENGTH OF MATERIALS I (3 CREDITS)
(i) Force equilibrium: – free body diagram, concept of stress and strain. Tensile test. Young’s moduli and other strength factors.
(ii) Axially loaded bars, composite bar, temperature stresses and simple indeterminate problems. Hoop stress: cylinders, rings.
(iii) Bending moment, shear force and axial diagrams for simple cases.
CVE212: ELEMENTS OF ARCHITECTURE I (3 CREDITS)
(i) The principles of architectural presentation: – 2, 3 and 4 dimensional projects. Resolution of objects to plans, sections and Elevations the use of architectural symbols, scales, logo and other presentation format
(ii) Basic Architectural Design: – Space and Function analysis and the identification of relevant environments. Flow/ Bubble diagram, Dimensional coordination (vertical and horizontal dimensions). Sectioning versus structural integrity. Form and Function relationship. Cost implications of design decisions
(iii) Basic technology of construction and the sectional drawings. Working drawings.
(iv) Students should design a bungalow-type building to working drawing details
(a) Introduction: – Dimensional awareness, graphic communication, relation to environments.
(b) Free hand drawing: – form in terms of shades, light and shadow’
(c) Orthographic: Dimetrics, perspective projections; Applications
(d) Common curves.
300 Level Civil Engineering
CVE 311: STRENGTH OF MATERIALS (3 CREDITS)
(I) Advanced topics in bending moment and shear force in beams.
(II) Theory of bending of beams. Deflections of beams. Unsymmetrical bending and shear Centre. Applications. Strain energy.
(III) Biaxial and triaxial states of stress. Transformation of stresses. Mohr’s circle. Failure theories.
(V) Creep, fatigue, fracture and stress concentration.
CVE312: CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS (3 CREDITS)
(i) Concrete Technology: – types of cements, aggregates- properties. Concrete mix: design, properties and their determination.
(ii) Steel Technology: – Production fabrication and properties. Corrosion and its prevention. Tests in steel and quality control.
(iii) Timber Technology: – Types of wood, properties, defects, stress grading. Preservation and fire protection. Timber products.
(iv) Rubber, plastics, asphalt, tar, glass, lime, bricks, etc. Applications to building, Road and Bridges.
CVE313: ELEMENTS OF ARCHITECTURE II – ELECTRONIC (3 CREDITS)
(i) Basic principles of CAD. Hardware and Software requirements
(ii) Introduction to AutoCAD, AutoCAD start-up, issuing commands and options. Using the pointing device. Using the Mouse Buttons, the Keyboard and Hot keys to issue Commands. The Dialog boxes; AutoCAD coordinates and points. The coordinate display modes. Scales, units and limits locating points with reference grid. Controlling points with snap. Ortho mode. Isometric drawing representation. Understanding the user interface menus, keys and commands.
(iii) Graphic Primitives: the graphic primitive tool chest. Drawing shapes with lines etc.
(iv) Basic Editing: Selecting objects and using basic editing commands: -erase, copy extend mirror, explode, fillet, rotate, stretch, scale, move, trim, etc.
(v) Geometric Constructions: Bisecting Lines, arcs and angles. Dividing objects into parts.
(vi) Construction of ellipse etc.
(vii) Dimensioning Techniques.
(viii) Fundamental of solid modeling.
CVE314: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS I (2 CREDITS)
(i) Analysis of determinate structures, beams, trusses, structure theorems.
(ii) Influence lines for statically determinate structures: beams, trusses and arches.
(iii) Graphical methods: Application to simple determinate trusses: Williot- Mohr diagram.
(iv) Deflection of statically determinate structures: Unit Load, moment area method.
(v) Strain Energy Methods.
(vi) Introduction to statically determinate structures.
CVE316: DESIGN OF STRUCTURES I (3 CREDITS)
(i) Fundamentals of design process, materials selection, building regulations and codes of practice
(ii) Design philosophy, Elastic design: limit state design.
(iii) Design of structural elements in reinforces concrete.
CVE 341: ENGINEERING GEOLOGY I (3 CREDITS)
(i) Introduction: Definition, scope and subdivision of geology, aspects of geology and their relevance to Civil Engineering, Brief discussion on the origin and evolution of the planets, the earth and its relations to the sun, and other planets.
(ii) Structure and composition of the Earth: – the core, the mantle and the crust Composition of the various layers, Radioactivity and magnetism of some rocks and minerals.
(iii) Geological Processes: exogenic processes (weathering and erosion), endogenic processes. (Magma, its origin, crystallization, differential and solidification into rocks, -earthquakes volcanoes, rifting and continental drifts)
(iv) Geological Processes: Folding, faulting, jointing and rifting isostasy, changes in eustatic seal levels, causes and effects: transgression and regression, tectonic and sedimentation
(v) Fieldwork and coursework.
CVE 342: ENGINEERING GEOLOGY II (2 CREDITS)
(i) Stratigraphy: historic geology and stratigraphy (the age of the earth, geologic age Geological time scale, measuring geological time, Fossil records (keys to the past, the records lefty on rocks by fossils), importance of fossils, types of fossils unconformities).
(ii) Maps and Map Reading: topographic maps, elements of topographic maps, profile sketching; geological maps, and sections determination of attitudes of dipping beds; Geotechnical or engineering geology maps and the information they convey.
(iii) Minerals Resources of the Earth: Definition and physical properties of minerals, Mineral types: fossil fuels, organic minerals, non-metallic, Mineral And rocks, metallic minerals, Mineral resources of Nigeria with particular emphasis on discussion on Civil as to its origin, physical state of the hydrocarbons, migration, accumulation and exploitation, Minerals in the economy of Nigeria.
(iv) Other Methods of Site Exploitation for mineral resources and civic engineering works. Bnet introduction to electrical methods, sersmic methods, Acoustic Emission (AE) method.
(v) Introduction to Geology of Nigeria.
(vi) Laboratory and coursework.
CVE 344: SOIL MECHANICS I (2 CREDITS)
(i) Introduction: the need for soil mechanics dealing with the importance of the application of the principles to problems associated with building foundations, highway embankments and cuts.
(ii) Formation of soils: Rock weathering in both geological time scales, soil types; laterites in particular.
(iii) Soil- Air- Water relationship: Phase nature of soils and the engineering significance, definitions and relationship between void ratio, porosity, bulk density, dry density, saturation density, submerge density, degree of saturation, specific gravity’
(iv) Minerals of soils: Grain – to- grain structure; flocculated and dispersed structures in clays
(v) Soil classification: Need for systematic soil classification. Some engineering soil classification systems in current use. Particle size, Atterberg limits in soil classification. Problems associated with the classification of laterite soils.
(vi) Laboratory and Coursework.
CVE 352: ENGINEERING SURVEYING & GEOINFORMATICS I (3 CREDITS)
(i) PART I: INTRODUCTION TO ENGINEERING SURVEYING
(a) Introduction to surveying practice, unit of measurement, types of measurement in surveying, chaining and ranging, uses of steel tapes, chain surveys.
(b) Orientation of surveys, compass traversing, Adjustment by Bowditch graphical adjustment method.
(c) Leveling: level instruments, ordinary leveling longitudinal and cross sectioning construction levels, inverts level, introduction to Geodetic leveling, uses of digital levels.
(d) Traversing – instruments for traversing, theodolite traverse, computation and adjustment of ordinary traverse. Bowditch and transit methods, computers writing of basic programmes for traverses and levels.
(e) Application of traverses to setting out of Tunnels, Pipelines, Sewers, Drains, Buildings etc.
(f) Tachometry methods for inclined line of sights, Substance heightening, study of self-reducing tachometers and Optical? Electro optical and microwave measurements tachometry, Horizontal methods for inclined line of sights, substance heighten, Electric distance measuring equipment, Electronic/Robotics Total station instruments.
(g) Trigonometric Heighten- reciprocal and simultaneous reciprocal observations.
(ii) PART II INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAMMETRY AND REMOTE SENSING
(a) Aerial and ground photographs, vertical and near vertical photographs and their appropriate geometrical relationship, stereoscope viewing of pair of air photographs, determination of scale of photograph.
(b) Remote sensing, remote sensing imaging systems, to satellite imageries and their applications in Civil Engineering.
ELA 301: LABORATORY/DESIGN STUDIO I (2 CREDITS)
(i) Demonstration of plumbing, Painting, Ceramic production, water treatment and packaging, Brick making and laying.
(j) Field trip (Mid- session): Soil/ Rock identification in the field, geological structures.
ELA302: LABORATORY/ DESIGN STUDIO II (2 CREDITS)
(i) Collecting and preserving soil samples from site, Use of hand auger, Moisture content determination, sieve analysis, Hydrometer analysis, and specific gravity test.
(ii) Atterberg’s limits, USCS &AASHTO Classification Systems
(iii) Concrete Mixing, Compacting factor test, slump test, Compacting factor test, vebe consist meter, setting time test Aggregate abrasion value test. Compression test, curing of concrete cubes
(iv) Practical’s in surveying (CVE352), compass traverse, running lines of levels, sectioning and Theodolite takes. Identification of features in air photographs, viewing of photographs with pockets and mirror stereoscopes plotting of site plans by bearing and distance and from coordinates by use of AutoCAD and MICROSTATION SE Software.
(v) CVE 342: Rock/mineral identification; geological map- section tracing and interpretation/ examination of thin sections of the major rocks (granite, gneiss, schist, marble, etc.) in petrographic microscope for appreciation of fabric of the rocks.
400 LEVEL CIVIL ENGINEERING
CVE411: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS II (2 CREDITS)
(i) Indeterminate structural analysis: Energy and virtual work methods, slope deflection and moment distribution methods
(ii) Elastic instability
(iii) Simple plastic theory of blending, collapse loads.
(iv) Stress-grading of Timber: Visual, mechanical and electronic stress grading of timber
CVE 413: DESIGN OF STRUCTURES II (2 CREDITS)
(i) Limit state philosophy and design in steel: Elastic and plastic moment design.
(ii) Design of structural elements in steel and connections and joints.
(iii) Limit state philosophy and design in timber. Elastic methods and design in timber.
(iv) Laboratory test on structural elements in concrete, timber and steel.
CVE415: TECHNICAL COMMUNICATION AND PROJECT APPRAISAL (2 CREDITS)
(i) Oral communication: public speaking skills with effective use of visual aids and statistical and technical information. Principles of effective communication in the interpersonal and mass communication process. Effective reading skills extracting main ideas and reading for specific information through speed reading.
(ii) Written communication: Roles of technical report in engineering projects, fundamental principles of technical writing, format of different types of reports –outlines, scope and purpose, technical discussions and details, role of appendix, functions of diagrams, tables and illustrations, nature of recommendations and conclusion, writing memoranda, business letters, formal and informal reports, (A term paper to be prepared on assigned work).
(iii) General principles and approach to software design. Computer languages, problem analysis and algorithm (flowchart) design. Assembly and compilation of programs
(iv) Qbasic: – Understanding and use of symbols, keywords, identifiers, data-types, operators, statements, flow of control, arrays and functions
(v) The principles and application of visual programming: – Visual basic, C++, etc. Examples and assignments will be worked with realistic engineering problem solving exercises.
CVE421: HYDRAULICS AND HYDROLOGY (2 CREDITS)
(i) Dimensional Analysis, similitude and Hydraulic Models, Definition, purpose and basis of dimensional analysis; Buckingham Pi-theorem, Hunsaker and Rightmire methods of dimensional analysis, similitude and requirements: dimensionless parameters, their significance and application; Model studies of flow with and without free surface.
(ii) Laminar Flow: Laminar flow between parallel stationary and non-stationary plates, in pipes and through annular spaces; Reynolds numbers, critical velocity and resistance coefficient; Power requirement.
(iii) Turbulent Flow: Equation of turbulent flow: Velocity and pressure distribution in pipes, Relationship between coefficient of resistance. Reynolds number, and the relative roughness.
(iv) Boundary layers; Separation, Lift and Drag.
(v) Stream Function, Velocity Potential, and Application to Flow Nets.
(vi) Steady flow in closed conduit: Energy equation, energy and hydraulic lines; primary and minor losses. Equations of pipe flows; pipe in series and parallel; selection of pipe sizes
(vii) Unsteady flow in closed conduit: causes and effects of unsteady flows; surges and water hammers; surge control; incompressible theory, compressible theory for rigid and elastic pipe lines; movement of pressure wave.
(viii) Pumps: Application and types; Energy and hydraulic grade lines in pump systems; work done, power and efficiencies, inlet and outlet velocity diagrams, pump characteristics, specific speed and performance; choice of pump; Multiple pump systems.
(ix) Turbines: Application and types; Energy and hydraulic grade lines across turbine installations; Work done, power efficiencies; inlet and outlet velocity diagrams; Turbine characteristics, specific speed and performance, choice of turbines.
(x) Introduction to Hydrology: Hydrology and applications; hydrologic cycle, Meteorological data and instrumentation – Precipitation, temperature, evaporation, sunshine hours, radiation, humidity and wind speed, Method for estimating means rainfall over catchments- arithmetic’s Thiessen and Isohyetal method. Trend estimation from rainfall data. Methods of estimating Evapo-transpiration.
CVE423: ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)
(i) Definition, scope and subdivisions of environmental engineering;The engineer in environmental engineering.
(ii) Water Supply: Occurrences, uses and source of water; physical, chemical and bacteriologic standards for potable water; Effects of various chemical substances and micro- organism found in water. Laboratory Examination of water
(iii) Waste Water: Source of waste water, characteristics of waste water from domestic, industrial, agricultural, mining, Civil, ptero- chemical and radio-active sources; Microbiology of waste water. Laboratory Examination of Waste Water Design of Septic Tanks, soak way and S Warless Toilets solid wastes: Sources; the composition and effects, methods of analysis.
(iv) Air Pollution: Classification and extent of air pollution, the occurrence and properties of primary air pollutants in gaseous, viable and non- viable particulates and radioactive substances.
(v) Noise pollution: sources, effects and control of noise pollution.
CVE431: INTRODUCTION TO TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING (3 CREDITS)
(i) Conveyors: principles of design.
(ii) Pipelines: Gas, liquid, and solids, pipeline, preliminary study; principles of design; construction requirements.
(iii) Waterways: Channel regulations. Locks and Dams. Ports and harbors: Definition of harbor and port; types of harbor- natural harbor, semi-natural harbor, and artificial harbor; breakwaters and groins; waves and wave forces; Harbor structures- jetties, wharves, quays, piers, Fenders and dolphins. Water levels.
(iv) Railways: Planning and geometric design of track structure, rails, sleepers, ballasts, terminal facilities, rolling stock, sidings, crossing and turnouts; rail defects and maintenance.
(v) Airports: Definitions of aerodrome and airport. Classification of airports. Airport configuration. Airport elements- runway, taxiway, apron, holding apron, terminal area. Operational aspects of air transportation, elements affecting location of airports; elements of geometric design, ground facilities, earthworks, drainage, pavements.
(vi) History of Road Development: Early development- Treasaquet, Metcalf, Telford and Macadam construction; modern development. Importance of Highway Engineering in relation to socio-economic development.
(vii) Introductory traffic studies- inventories, volume and spot speed studies Traffic and transportation engineering: Scope of traffic engineering, Traffic administration and functions. Vehicle and road user characteristics. Traffic stream characteristics-inventories, volume and speed studies. Intersection studies, travel time and delay studies; traffic operation, intersections.
CVE441: SOIL MECHANICS II (2 CREDITS)
(i) Soil stabilization: Need for soil stabilization, mechanisms of effecting soil stabilization mechanical stabilization. Compaction and improving gradation. Chemical stabilization of soils, lime, cement, bitumen and other stabilizers
(ii) Soil Compaction: Dry density-moisture content curves, laboratory compaction; standard proctor, modified proctor, West African standard compaction and other standard compaction procedures, CBR and the laboratory determination.
(iii) Flow of water in soils: Basic principles of flow of through porous media. Seepage and permeability- constant head and falling head permeameter tests. Field permeability tests including drawdown pumping tests, auger-hole test, Park test, etc., percolation tests. Theoretical evaluation and graphical computation involving sketching of flow nets; seepage quantities, through, across and beneath retaining structures, up thrust forces and exit gradients from flow nets. Effects of seepage on in-situ soils.
(iv) Site Investigations: Objectives of site investigations, cost of site explorations. Sequence of investigations
(a) Initial stage: desk study of available data, site visit and visual assessment, preliminary report and fieldwork plan
(b) Main stage: field work involving geological mapping if necessary, geophysical survey where applicable; Trial pits, trenches and boreholes, sampling methods and sample types, field identification of soils, field testing and laboratory testing. Final report
(c) Review stage involving monitoring, further testing and appraisal during excavation and construction. Laboratory and Coursework.
CVE451: ENGINEERING SURVEYING AND GEOINFORMATICS II (3 CREDIT)
(i) Contours and contouring, various methods of contouring- direct and indict methods, contour interpolation, uses of contour plans and maps.
(ii) Areas and volume: Longitudinal and cross- sectional profiling, formation levels of new roads, cut and fills and various other sections. Determination of areas by approximate methods, area by double meridian- distance method, volume of earth – the prismodal method, end area rule and the prismodal correction.
(iii) Setting out and monitoring of Engineering Works. Techniques for various works, baselines, sewers and drains Highways- horizontal curves, vertical and transition curves.
(iv) Control Surveys: Horizontal controls, difference between precise engineering controls and geodetic. Triangulation, Trilaration and Triangulateration, Precise traverse, adjustment of controls by least squares method, controls surveys by Global positioning system(GPS), differential GPS, Kinematics GPS, Pseudo Kinematics GPS, planning of GPs survey projects. Adjustment of observation. Control surveys for setting out of dams and bridges, crustal and structural deformation surveys by conventional surveys and GPS.
(v) Vertical air photographs, measurement of photo coordinate, Ground coordinates from vertical area photographs, Heighting from aerial photographs production of contour plants and ground profiles from aerial photograph. Ground controls for aerial photographs, Basic and Photo Control Radial line methods of increasing controls, the Arundel method. Photo interpretation; principles element in photo interpretation application bedrock studies, photo movies and site investigation and project planning and location. Application of photogrammetry in highway design and other Civil Engineering works.
(vi) Practical remote sensing imaging systems. Remote sensing satellite, LandSAT and SPOT satellites and other remote sensing satellite; NIGERIA SAT-1, Image acquisition and information extraction from imageries application of satellite images in Civil Engineering.
(vii) Geographical information system GIS Component of a GIS, Application of GIS in Civil Engineering (case studies are to be treated), Spatial Data Infrastructure and concept of metadata. Digital Terrain Models (DTM) Terrain data structure and construction of digital terrain model, Displaying Digital Terrain model and released data. Application of DTM in Civil Engineering planning and design.
CVE471: CIVIL ENGINEERING PRACTICE AND LAW (2 CREDITS)
(i) Civil Engineering Practice: type of Contracts and sub- contracts, Works construction and supervision job planning and control- Programme Charts- Bar charts, critical path methods, etc., construction machinery and equipment construction management. Applications/ case study – dams, foundations, bridges, highways, industrial buildings, sewage works.
a. General introduction to law and building contracts, Common Law- Equity statute (Acts Ordinances, Decrees, Edict, statutory instruments, Bye-Laws). Area of legal Liabilities. Law of contract, law of Torts, Land Law, Administrative law. Principles of law of contract.
b. Formation of Contract: Offer and Acceptance, Consideration etc.,
c. Nature of Building Contracts. Tender, express term implied term, standard form of contract. Function of bills of quantities, contract of guarantee (del credere), agent and principal remedies for breach of contract. Avoidance of contract mistake, Misinterpretation, illegality.
d. Special problems, relating to building contract, sub- contractors Variation defects, clauses. Tertio’s Liability of employers’ contractors, supplier and their agents.
e. Types of contracts and contract documents, Requirements of building regulations and bye-laws. Factory Acts, safety requirements in building and construction sites. Fire and Accidents Protection.
(iii) Appraisal and control of projects: Integration and application of methods and procedures for planning and controlling the design and construction of projects. Study of computer applications, relationships of information system to organizational structure. Project scheduling and resource allocation and control.
CVE481: APPLIED ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS (3 CREDITS)
(i) Polynomials and their application: Numerical solution of polynomials and other nonlinear equations; iterative methods, linear iterative methods, Newton- Raphson method, interpolation using polynomials, Lagrangean interpolation, finite difference, interpolation using finite difference (The Newton- Gregory equation) least squares polynomial and curve fitting, numerical differentiations and integration, trapezoidal and Simpson rule, Newton –cote’s closed formula.
(ii) Matrix algebra and linear equations: Matrix algebra, properties of matrices, tram pose of a matrix and their properties. Theory of linear equations, solution of linear equations by direct methods: Determination and their properties, Minor and cofactors, solution of linear equations by Cramer’s rule and by Gaussian elimination method. Matrix partitioning, addition and multiplication of a partitioned matrix, inverse of a partitioned matrix. Iterative methods of solving linear equations, Jacobi’s and Gauss- seidel method, coordinate transformation rotation of sites
(iii) Linear programming: linear programming, formulation of linear programming problems, graphical Technique and the simplex algorithm, for solving linear programming problems. Duality concept, primal, post optimality analysis, transportation problems.
(iv) Complex analysis: complex variables, complex function of a real variable, elementary function and of a complex variable. Differentiation of complex variables, Cauchy- Riemann equations, Laplace equations. Analytic and Harmonic functions, integrations of complex variables Cauchy’s integral thermos, poles and residues, conformal mapping, simple examples of expansion in Taylor and Laurent series
(v) Partial differential equations. Heat conduction equations and elastic string D- Alembert’s solution of the wave equation. Two-dimensional wave equations, initial boundary problems. Introduction to the boundary value problem
(vi) Nonlinear differential equation and calculus of variation: Stability of linear system and the phase portraits, long term behavior of the solution of non- differential linear equations deducted from related linear systems.
(vii) Calculus of variations: The geometry of curve space, Lagrange’s equation and application, Hamilton Principles and geodesic problems, Riemannian Geometry.
(viii) Network techniques: Graphs and diagraphs, shortest path problem, Optimality principles, shortest spanning tree, flow augmenting paths, maximal flow methods, project management- assignment problem
(ix) Probability and statistics:
(a) Probability: Probability laws, conditional probability and dependence of events. Discrete and continuous probability distribution the distribution function, Expected values moments, standard deviations, binomial poison and normal distribution.
(b) Statistics: Regression and correlation, the method of least squares, linear and curvilinear regression. Correlation, total, partial and multiple, large sampling theory. Sampling distribution of mean, proportion, difference proportion, difference of two means and proportions
(c) Hypothesis testing: type I and ii errors, power of a test. Large sample testing concerning the mean, proportion, difference of two means and proportions.
(d) Quality control.
ELA401: LABORATOPRY/ DESIGN STUDIO III (2 CREDITS)
(i) Compaction test, consolidation test, permeability (Constant and falling Head) test
(ii) CVE451 Practical Work includes: More detailed theodolite traversing and minor triangulations, setting out of works: longitudinal and cross- section profiling: concept of parallax-use of parallax bar for height measurements, setting out of horizontal curves and building curves:
plotting from aerial photography and Heighting and contouring GIS application to a particular project. Setting out and monitoring of Engineering Works Techniques for various works, baselines, sewers and drains Highways- horizontal curves, vertical and transition curves.
(iii) Determination of colours taste, odour and pH of water, Determination of total Alkalinity, total hardness, calcium hardness and CO2 in water, Determination of conductivity, total solids, dish and suspension solids, Determination of iron and magnesium in water, Determination of sulphate and chloride concentrations in water.
(iv) Determination of Reynolds numbers at different flood rates in laminar/ inbalent flow phenomena, to determine unready flow in surge chambers, to conduct model studies in a wind tunnel
(v) Use of cone penetrometer (CPT, drilling rig and Universal testing machine.
500 LEVEL CIVIC ENGINEERING
CVE 511: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS III (2 CREDITS)
(i) The finite method in Engineering, solutions to Finite Element Equations, General Procedure of Finite Element Method, Higher Order and Isoperimetric Element Numerical Integrations.
(ii) Yield line Analysis for Slabs
(iii) Strip method of Design of Slabs, the Simple Strip Method, Radial and Tangential Moments in Circular Slabs with Polar Symmetrical and support conditions, Solution including torsional moments Special Rationalized Design Procedure for Point- Supported Slabs. Comparison with yield line theory
(iv) Plastic Methods of structural Analysis, Basic Theorem and Simple Examples, General Methods for Plastic design, Estimates of Deflections, Minimum Weight Design, Variables Repeated Loading
CVE 512: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS IV (2 CREDITS)
(i) Plastic methods of structuring analysis
(ii) Matrix methods of structural analysis
(iii) Elastic instability
(iv) Continuum of plane strain, elastic flat plates and torsion, solution by finite difference, finite element, yield line analysis and strip methods for slabs
(v) Application of the theory of Elasticity engineering problems beams having initial curvature, stresses, deformations loaded rings, buckling and local yield, stress concentrations.
(vi) Laboratory Test of Structural Elements
CVE513: DESIGN OF STRUCTURES III (2 CREDITS)
(i) Components Design and construction in steel and reinforced concrete.
(ii) Design of structural foundation
(iii) Modern structural form. Tall buildings, lift shafts and shear walls, system building
(iv) Design projects
CVE 514: DESIGN OF STRUCTURES IV (2 CREDITS)
(i) Philosophy, methods and systems and pre-stressing
(ii) Serviceability limit state design of structured elements; cable curve fitting; losses of pre-stressing; shear, bond and deflection, cable extension; anchorages
(iii) Ultimate limit state design of structural elements- strength in flexure and shear
(iv) Composite construction
CVE 515: ADVANCED STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING 3 (CREDITS)
(i) Analysis of plates and shell, frame, column and plate instability
(ii) Design, optimization, structural dynamics, structural safety.
(iii) Beam on elastic foundation, piled structures.
CVE 516: ADVANCED STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING II (3 CREDITS)
(i) Feasibility study and planning of building and Civil Engineering work and construction. Structural appraisal of buildings.
(ii) Design and detailing of major structural engineering works- specifications.
CVE 521: CIVIL ENGINEERING HYDRAULICS (2 CREDITS)
(i) Introduction to open channel flow; flow regimes. Comparison of open- conduit to closed conduct flow.
(ii) Uniform flow: Derivation of the chezy equation; Darcy equation; Relationship between the function factor for pipe flow and the roughness factor for open.
(iii) Uniform flow computation: Steady gradually varied flow: specific energy principle, critical depth, Momentum principle; Attainment of critical depth, Gradually – varied flow equation; classification of water surface; computation of surface profiles
(iv) Hydraulic jump: Definition; uses and types conjugate depth, energy loss.
(v) Control structures _ Dams, weirs, spillways, gates and outlet works, stilling basins, cofferdams, etc.
(vi) Design of municipal storm drains: land drainage systems, culverts and bridges. Design of inlets, manholes and catch basins.
(vii) Introduction to multiple purpose reservoir design for food control, water supply, irrigation, recreation, navigation and erosion control.
(viii) Unsteady open channel flow, occurrences, positive and negative surge wave analysis, and the dam break problem.
CVE522: ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY II (2 CREDITS)
(i) Ground water hydrology: Types of geological formations; physical properties of liquefies, Darcy law and hydraulic conductivity. Steady aquifer flows and estimation of hydraulic conductivity. Unsteady flow and estimation of hydraulic conductivity. Unsteady flow and estimation of the storage coefficient. Ground water exploration, well construction and pumping, unsaturated flow.
(ii) Surface water hydrology: surface runoff and factors that affect surface runoff, Catchment characteristics; Hydrograph analysis; unit hydrograph and its applications
(iii) Reservoir and river routing: routing equation. Application to flood routing over reservoirs and rivers
(iv) Hydrological forecasting: the need for forecasting; frequency analysis; annual and partial; duration series, water year and recurrence interval; flood magnitude estimation by some frequency distribution.
(v) Laboratory and Course Work.
CVE 523: HDROLOGY I (2 CREDIT)
(i) Quantity: population forecasting and per capital consumption; water requirements for domestic, public, commercial, industrial and agricultural purposes.
(ii) Collection: Rainwater from roofs, determination of storage capacity for small individual supplies, surface water from reservoirs, river. Intake structures; Groundwater, Transmission conduits.
(iii) Treatment: Flow diagrams for the treatment of surface and ground water, preliminary treatment, screening, coagulation flocculation and sediment slow sand, rapid sand, and pressure filters. Disinfection, water softening; iron and manganese removal, chemical for water treatment.
(iv) Distribution: storage tanks and service reservoirs. Main, pipelines and distribution network. Valves meters and service pipes. Pumps pumping stations.
(v) Laboratory and course work.
CVE525: WATER RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (3 CREDITS)
(i) Water quality standards and controls.
(ii) Appropriate technology of water supply and treatment
(iii) Further methods of treatment of water: Aeration, methods and applications
(iv) Softening – Lime Soda Ash methods
(v) Adsorption, isotherm, packed bed reactors; regeneration
(vi) Ion exchange
(vii) Reverse osmosis
(ix) Water Management
CVE 526: WATER RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING II (3 CREDITS)
(i) Waste water Collection
(ii) Storm water sewerage: rational method for design, Preliminary treatment: Flow measurement weirs, flumes, flow separation screening, storm water settlement, Grit removal, overflow rates
(iii) Treatment: Batch settlement analysis; radial and rectangular tank design. Biological kinetics, i.e. kinetics of enzyme reaction and bacterial growth and their applications to treatment systems. Flow diagrams for various methods of sewage treatment.
(iv) Secondary Treatment: Activated sludge process, percolating (trickling) filters, oxidation (stabilization) ponds. Application of biology kinetic in sludge treatment and disposal. Anaerobic digestion. Sludge processing, pumping and power requirements. Effluent standards. Laboratory and course work.
(v) Solid waste collection: solid waste surveys, the planning and details; storage, collection and transportation; operational criteria; collection costs.
(vi) Solid Waste Treatment and Disposal: Mechanical compaction, incineration, pyrolysis, composting and sanitary landfill, river and ocean dumping, recycle and reuse, Design of Solid Waste Disposal systems.
(vii) Air pollution and control Effects on the physical properties of the atmosphere. Effects on humans, animals and plant life. Effects on economic materials and structures
(viii) Laboratory and course work.
CVE531: HIGHWAY DESIGN (3 CREDITS)
(i) Soil engineering aspect of highways: soil test and borehole analysis; Compaction and effective compaction equipment. Soil stabilization and various soil stabilization processes. Soil and highway drainage.
(ii) Highway Geometrics: Factors controlling alignments, geometric plan elements- sight distances, design speed, horizontal alignment; simple circular and transition curves, horizontal curves super – elevation and pavements widening, vertical alignment – gradient limits, curve types, summit curves and valley curves; coordination of horizontal and vertical alignment- highway cross- section elements, cross slopes and shoulders. Design of roundabouts or rotary intersections.
(iii) Pavement structure and design: Pavement layers and their functions; highway flexible pavements – factors affecting design, CBR method for flexible pavements, Asphalt institute method of design of flexible highway pavements; current British method of flexible pavement design; Portland Cement association method for airport rigid design. Current British method of rigid pavement design.
(iv) Laboratory; it is presumed that the needed laboratory tests will be covered by the requirements stipulated in the course of civil engineering materials and soil mechanics
CVE535: TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT, PLANNING AND HIGHWAY ECONOMICS (3 CREDITS)
(i) Highway capacity, level of service and quality of service concepts. The concept of gap acceptance
(ii) Traffic Management: Parking studies and facilities; Accident studies, Traffic control devices – traffic signals, markings and operation arrangements of traffic signals, design of traffic signals. Area traffic control
(iii) Introduction to transportation planning: Transportation as a derived demand, trip purposes and categories, Factors affecting trip making, the transportation planning process, trip generation, trip distribution, modal split, traffic assignment
(iv) Highway Economics
CVE536: ADVANCED PAVEMENT DESIGN (3 CREDITS)
(i) Pavement structure and stress analysis for both flexible and rigid pavements.
(ii) Design of highway and airport pavements; Corps of Engineers method, CBR method extended to airport pavement design, continuously reinforced concrete pavement, prestressed concrete pavement. Composite pavements and their design. The concepts of equivalent axle load (EAL) and equivalent single wheel load (ESWL)
(iii) Design of asphaltic concrete
(iv) Highway and pavement maintenance. Pavement evaluation – pavement construction materials, Mass-haul diagram; Flexible and rigid pavements materials; semi-rigid pavement materials; stabilized soil, New materials, pavement roughness and deflection measurements. Pavement overlay design.
CVE 541: GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING I (2CREDITS)
(i) Consolidation and Settlement: Settlement of structures on solids immediate (elastic), consolidation settlement and secondary compression; Settlement of structure on cohesion less soil using Schmartmann’s method; Elastic settlement of structures on clay; One- dimensional consolidation. The Oedometer test; Determination of pre-consolidation pressure, primary and secondary consolidation. Analysis of total and time rate of settlement.
(ii) Shear strength of soils: General strength consideration. State of stress at a point and Mohr stress circle. Mohr Colulomn theory of failure, shear test: Vane shear test, triaxial test (UU CU CO), shear strength of saturated clays, shear strength of compacted unsaturated clays, sensitivity of soils, Residual strength parameter.
(iii) Stresses in soil: Geostatic stresses, isostress surface, total and effective applied stress distribution in soil; modulus of elasticity, Poisson’s ration, compatibility of strain requirements. Stress distribution in layered soil system, Boussinesq’s approach, Westergard’s method, Newmark’s chart, the characteristic, sketching and applications.
CVE 542: GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING II (2 CREDITS)
(i) Bearing Capacity: Ultimate, safe and allowable bearing capacities, bearing capacity factor. Case of shallow and deep foundations, factor of safety, shape effect; Footings under eccentric and inclined loads.
(ii) Foundations: Types and choice of foundations: footing, rafts and pipe. Use general characteristics of pipes, pile in sand, piles in clay. Negative skin friction; Pile groups, bearing capacity and settlement of pile groups; Efficiency of pile groups.
(iii) Earth Pressure: Pressure equilibrium, active, passive and at-rest pressure, Earth pressure coefficients, computation of earth pressures using the Rankine and the Coulomb wedge theories and Cullman’s method. Earth pressures on retaining walls. Types and analysis of retaining walls. The use of bracings as lateral support in open cuts, Anchored bulkheads, free earth support method of analysis
(iv) Slope stability: Types and mechanics of slope failures. Theoretical and graphical solutions of slope stability problems. Effects of tension cracks on slope stability. Ordinary method of slices
CVE 545: SPECIAL TOPICS IN GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING (3 CREDITS)
(i) The behavior of road and soils in building and engineering construction, foundations, dams, tunnels and flood control work.
(ii) Shore-line engineering, earthquake problems and field investigation.
(iii) Construction of embankment over soft ground. Use of mats (Geotextiles and fascies)
(iv) Vertical sand drains, surcharging and stage construction etc.,
CVE546: SPECIAL TOPICS IN GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING II (3 CREDITS)
(i) Clay mineralogy study of soil- water system.
(ii) Identification of clay minerals -X-rays diffraction, DTA analysis and C.E.C.
(iii) Effects of compaction on permeabilities of some tropics soils.
(iv) Properties of some tropical soil- Laterites, Black cotton soils, soft clay shale, organic clays. Etc.
(v) Soil stabilization. Isomorphous substitution, etc.
CVE565: BUILDING TECHNOLOGY I (3 CREDITS)
(i) Principles of modern building: strength and stability. Framed and load bearing construction. Site mobilization and setting out of building. Basic methods of building construction: wood, masonry steel and concrete.
(ii) Building elements-materials and method of construction- foundations. Floor systems, framing system, openings- window, doors vents, etc. structure, cladding systems and partitions, system insulation- (vapour, sound and heat)
(iii) System building- pre- fabrication system, pre-and post-stressing etc. advanced building systems
(iv) Structure and organization of construction schedules. Cost planning and control. Pre-and post-tender planning. Network analysis and narrow diagram
CVE566: BUILDING TECHNOLOGY II (3 CREDITS)
(i) Principles of uses of Materials: Concrete, Mortars, Timber, Sheet cladding for walls
(ii) Joints and jointing compounds; lining and finishes.
(iii) Building Economics: Cost planning and control, planning economy construction economy –running costs and maintenance costs.
CVE567: INTRODUCTION TO BUILDING AND CIVIL ENGINEERING MEASUREMENTS (3 CREDITS)
(i) Measurement of building works: introduction, General Principles of taking off, Use of Measurement in Quantities, Measurement of Excavation and foundations.
(ii) Measurement of civil Engineering works: Scope and contract of Civil Engineering Measurements, Fundamental Principles of CESMM 3, Measurement Practice and Bill Production, CESMM3; Classes A-D (contract and Preparatory Site Matters) (CESMM3): Class E (Excavation, filling and landscaping) (CESMM3): Class F-H(Concrete)
ELA501: LABORATORY/ DESIGN STUDIO IV (2 CREDITS)
(i) Test on bitumen, Flash point, ductility, identification of asphalt cement, cutback and emulsified asphalt, Marshall Stability test, concrete mix design, concrete compressive and flexural strength. CBR determination, plate bearing test, Benkalman beam test.
(ii) Environmental Laboratory
(iii) Use of Flexural test equipment, Re-bound hammer test.
(iv) Triaxial test, Consolidation test, shear strength test, unconfined compression test, Vane shear strength test.
(v) Determination of total nitrogen in water sewage, Determination of phosphate and silica concentration in water, Determination of chlorme demand and chlorine residual, Determination of COD, BOD, Determination of dissolved 02, Determination of focal coliforms- multiple total, Determination of the efficiency of a sedimentation tank membrane filter method
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