The IELTS Reading Test is the second part of the IELTS Test, and it takes 60 minutes to complete. The test usually consists of 3 reading passages with increasing difficulty. The candidate will have to answer 40 questions in total.
The IELTS Academic Reading Test is different from the General Training Reading Test and is tougher compared to the GT Reading Test. A candidate must be aware of the fact that he should not spare more than 20 minutes for each part of the test, as there are 3 parts & the time limit is 60 minutes. It is important to know that no extra time is given under any circumstances unless it is a fault of the test conducting authority. Now see below, here is given a passage and the question with answers given at the end.
The USA Cities and their Natural Environment
Development of the USA cities and the threat on natural environment
While urban communities and their metropolitan zones have communicated with and molded the common habitat, it is just as of late that historiographers have started to consider this relationship. Amid our own time, the strain amongst regular and urbanized regions has expanded, as the spread of metropolitan populaces and urban land utilizes has reshaped and wrecked normal scenes and situations.
The connection between the city and the common habitat has really been a roundabout, with the urban communities affecting the indigenous habitat, while the regular habitat, has significantly molded urban setups. Urban history is loaded with stories about how city inhabitants fought with the powers of nature that undermined their lives. Nature not just caused a number of the inconveniences of everyday urban life, for example, awful climate and bugs. However, it additionally offered to ascend to cataclysmic events and fiascoes, for example, surges, flames, and seismic tremors.
With a specific terminal goal to secure themselves, including their colonies against the strengths of nature, urban peoples constructed numerous guards including surge dividers and dams, quake proof structures, and capacity places for sustenance and water. Time and again, such defensive strides protected urbanites against the most terrible natural calamity. However, the activities of some arrogant people, for example, raising constructions under the shadows of volcanos or in quake inclined zones resulting in vulnerable to natural calamities.
City populaces require nourishment, water, fuel, and materials for construction, while urban businesses require natural resources for creation purposes. With a specific requirement to satisfy these necessities, urbanites progressively needed to reach long ways past their limits. In the nineteenth century, for example, the city inhabitants necessitated rings of gardens for sustenance around urban areas. In the twentieth century, as urban populaces expanded, the requirement for nourishment drove the ascent of profuse ranches. Urban communities additionally require regular supplies of drinking water as a natural need for existence, engineers constructed water works, delved wells further into the earth searching for groundwater, and dammed and occupied waterways to get water supplies for household and modern employments.
During the time spent acquiring water from far off districts, some urban areas were made deserts where there had been ripe farming regions. Urbanites needed to look for areas to dispose of the produced waste. At first, they set squanders on locales inside the city, contaminating the air, land, and water with domestic and industrial waste materials. As urban areas developed bigger, they started disposing of wastes by transporting them towards far off areas. In this way, urban communities developed sewerage frameworks for residential as well as industrial waste output; but could not prevent the air and the vacant lands totally free from contamination and waste disposal.
Late nineteenth century preferred coal as the most inexpensive fuel for the transport system, for the industry as well as for the domestic usage. But, soon it was understood that the black smoke diffused by coal was not only polluting the air, but also the ash was making the whole locality dirty. Hence in the early twentieth century, reformers started working towards cleanups of the urban environment and reinstate public health. Ladies’ gatherings frequently led the pack in demand for cleaner air and water, demonstrating a more prominent worry than men concerning personal satisfaction and well-being related issues.
Horse cart for local transportation, electric trolleys for industrial usage, and petrol run cars & buses for personal and public usage brought about noticeable improvements in sanitation, the air became noticeably less polluted. However, waterway pollution remained an issue, while the urban sanitary circumstances became much improved by the 1920s. But, some new troubles started pinching, one of the major ones was the high cost of improvement and the other was rampantly growing automobile congestion causing havoc air pollution by the diffused carbon monoxide by the vehicles.
By the decade 1950, the rapidly growing automobile industry became a major threat for air pollution, moreover fast developing industries caused spitting out more toxic substances and diffusion of gases in the air. Harmful chemical substances in the form of industrial waste & pesticides started contaminating the soil, which was inevitable parts of a growing economy. Smoke & pollution control laws rescued the urban areas amid the 1950s to a great extent of the thick smoke that they had beforehand experienced.
Enhanced urban air quality came about to a great extent from the substitution of gaseous petrol and oil for coal and the substitution of the steam train by the diesel/electric. On the flip side, awesome increments in car use in some bigger urban areas started exhaust cloud took the worry of air contamination to a new and unsolvable noteworthy concern.
You should not spend more than 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on IELTS Reading Passage 1. First, read the paragraph minutely, then answer the given questions.
The Reading Passage 1 has five sections, A-E. Choose the correct paragraphs for each sentence from the list below. Write the correct number i-v, as applicable, in the boxes 1- 5 given on your answer sheet.
Note: More sentences are given in the list than required, you don’t need to answer all of them (The underlined ones are answered)
List of Sentences
i With a specific terminal goal to secure themselves, including their colonies
ii as the spread of metropolitan populaces and urban land utilizes has reshaped and wrecked normal scenes
iii Ladies’ gatherings frequently led the pack in demand for cleaner air and water,
iv During the time spent acquiring water from far off districts, some urban areas were made deserts
v Harmful chemical substances in the form of industrial waste & pesticides started contaminating the soil
vi metropolitan populaces and urban land utilize have reshaped and wrecked normal scenes and situations.
vii However waterway pollution could not be achieved,
Paragraph B i
Paragraph A ii
Paragraph D iii
Paragraph C iv
Paragraph E v
Write as instructed below: In boxes 6-10 on your answer sheet, write
If the statement is true, according to the Reading Passage > TRUE
If the statement is false, according to the Reading Passage > FALSE
If the information is not given in the Reading Passage > NOT GIVEN
it is just as of late that historiographers have started to consider this relationship. TRUE
with the city communities affecting the farmyards of the regular habitat NOT GIVEN
The reformers began soliciting that all lands should be used for cultivating Not Given
Time and again, such defensive strides protected urbanites True
By the decade 1970, the rapidly growing automobile industry became a major threat FALSE
Using not more than two words fill the blanks with right words from the passage
the spread of metropolitan _________ and urban land utilizes has __________and wrecked (reshaped, populaces)
coal was not only _________ the air, but also the ash was making the whole locality ______. (polluting, dirty)
demonstrating a more ________worry than men concerning personal satisfaction and ________ (prominent, wellbeing)
In this part there are 13 questions in total, so you will get 13 marks if all your answers are right. You should not spend more than 13 minutes as instructed, because in any case there will be 40 questions in total, carrying 1 marks each.
So, you have to hurry through the paper without wasting a minute. The sample provided here for IELTS Academic Reading Test is one of the easiest types. You will have to face questions with increasing difficulties as the test progresses.