University of Benin (UNIBEN) Production Engineering Courses from 1st year to final year. Course Content and Structure to guide UNIBEN Students, Aspirants, Jamb Candidates and the General Public.
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UNIBEN 200 Level Production Engineering Courses
|EMA 281||Engineering Mathematics I||3|
|ECP 281||Engineering Computer Programming||2|
|MEE 211||Engineering Mechanics I||3|
|CVE 211||Strength of Materials||3|
|MEE 221||Engineering Drawing I||3|
|EEE 211||Electrical Engineering I||3|
|PRE 211||Manufacturing Technology I||3|
|ENS 211||Engineering in Society||2|
|ELA 201||Engineering Laboratory & Workshop Practice|
|EMA 282||Engineering Mathematics II||3|
|MEE 212||Engineering Mechanics II||2|
|MEE 222||Engineering Drawing II||2|
|CHE 222||Materials Science||2|
|EEE 212||Electrical Engineering II||2|
|PRE 212||Manufacturing Technology II||2|
|ELA 202||Engineering Laboratory & Workshop Practice|
|PRE 222||Introduction to Computer Graphics & Drafting||2|
UNIBEN 300 Level Production Engineering Courses
|EMA 381||Engineering Mathematics III||4|
|MEE 361||Fluid Mechanics I||3|
|MEE 351||Engineering Thermodynamics I||3|
|MEE 311||Mechanics of Machines I||3|
|MEE 321||Engineering Drawing III||3|
|EEE 317||Electrical Engineering III||3|
|PRE 321||Production Technology I||3|
|CVE 311||Theory of structures & Strength of Materials||1|
|ELA 301||Engineering Laboratory & Workshop Practice|
|EMA 382||Engineering Mathematics IV||2|
|MEE 362||Fluid Mechanics II||2|
|MEE 352||Engineering Thermodynamics II||2|
|MEE 312||Mechanics of Machines II||2|
|EEE 318||Electrical Engineering IV||2|
|PRE 322||Applied Materials Science||2|
|PRE 332||Design of Machine Elements I||2|
|PRE 314||Industrial Engineering Statistics||2|
|ELA 302||Engineering Laboratory & Workshop Practice|
UNIBEN 400 Level Production Engineering Courses
|PRE 411||Mathematical & Methods in Prod Eng.||3|
|PRE 441||Machine Tool Technology I||3|
|PRE 431||Design of Machine Elements II||3|
|PRE 421||Production Technology II||3|
|PRE 461||Introduction to Industrial Engineering||3|
|PRE 401||Production Laboratory|
|PRE 473||Human Factors Engineering/Fact. Layout I||3|
|CED 300||Entrepreneur Development||2|
|UBT400||Faculty of Engineering Industrial Training (SIX MONTHS UBITS)||6|
UNIBEN 500 Level Production Engineering Courses
|PRE 541||Machine Tool Technology II||2|
|PRE 573||Human Factors Engineering & Factory Layout II||2|
|PRE 571||Engineering Economics and Administration||3|
|PRE 531||Design for Production||2|
|PRE 581||Automation & Control I||3|
|PRE 521||Production Management I||3|
|PRE 561||Principles of Operations Research||3|
|PRE 551||Computer Applications in Production Engineering||3|
|PRE 592||Plastic Working of Metals||3|
|PRE 522||Production Management II||3|
|PRE 582||Automation & Control II||3|
|PRE 532||Tool Design (Including Jigs & Fixtures)||3|
|PRE 562||Operations Research II||2|
|PRE 564||Technology Policy & Entrepreneurship||2|
|PRE 572||Engineering Management II||3|
UNIBEN Production Engineering Course Content
PRE211: MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY I(2 CREDITS)
Elementary introduction to types and organization of engineering workshops covering jobbing, batch, mass production. Engineering materials: Their uses and properties. Safety in workshops and general principles of working.
Bench work and fitting: Hand tools, instruments. Carpentry: Hand tools, materials, types of joint, processing of timber. Blacksmithing, and tools and working principles.
Joints and fastenings: threaded fasteners, riveting, welding, brazing, and soldering. Measurement and marking out for uniformity, circularity, concentricity, etc. Standard measuring tools used in the workshop.
PRE212 MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY II (2 CREDITS)
Simple metal cutting applied to hand tools. Single point tool geometry. Cutting fluid General principles of working of standard metal cutting machine tools. Work and tool movement, speed and feed range.
Centre lathe operations: Straight/taper turning. Thread cutting. Parts of lathes accessories and attachments used on centre lathe. Drilling machine, drill bits and uses. Production of pig iron, wrought iron, plain carbon and alloy steel and cast iron.
PRE311: MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY III (3 CREDITS)
(For Non–Production Engineering Students)
Working principles, size and specification, classification, principal parts, work–holding and driving mechanisms of shaping, slotting, planing machines, turret and capstan lathes. Applications of automatic and semi–automatic lathes. Milling operations and machines: types, cutters, attachments, direct and simple indexing.
Grinding machines and wheels: wheel characteristics, selection, specification, etc. Various methods of grinding processes, speed and feed applied. Welding of ferrous/non–ferrous metals and alloys, cast iron. Uses of brazing and soldering. Plastic and powder metallurgy. Basic principles of pattern, mould, core making: their materials, allowances, etc. Metal melting and casting.
PRE321: PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY I: (3 CREDITS)
Working principles, specification, classification, features of construction, work – holding, driving mechanism, tools and cutters used in shaping, slotting and planning machines. Turret, Capstan and Automatic lathes, operations planning, automation, and production economy.
Classification, features of construction and working principles of million machines, various operations and cutters, direct and simple indexing, compound and differential indexing and spiral milling, forces and power required in milling. Further discussions on various drilling machines; Boring and Jig boring; tools and operations.
Selection and specification of grinding wheels, their mountings, dressing, etc. Working principles of surface, cylindrical, and centreless grinders: speed and feed applied. Welding and allied processes: Principles, classification, welding metallurgy of ferrous and non–ferrous metals, gas cutting, AC/DC welding, etc. Brazing, soldering and adhesive bonding.
Sand casting: Basic principles of pattern, mould and core making, their materials, allowances, etc. Metal melting and casting. Special moulding and casting processes, including centrifugal casting, shell casting and CO2 process. Plaster mould casting Investment casting, die casting and continuous casting etc.
PRE314: INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING STATISTICS (2 CREDITS)
Sample and population. Empirical distributions. Descriptive measures. Introduction to Probability Theory. Discrete distributions. Continuous distributions. Moment-Generating function. Sums and Products of random variables.Sampling distributions. Order Statistics. Estimation and testing. Some standard tests of significance and confidence intervals. Distribution – Free methods.
PRE322: APPLIED MATERIAL SCIENCE (2 CREDITS)
Basic Metallurgy, Engineering Materials. Iron and Steel. Plastics, ceramics, composite materials: properties, applications and selection. Corrosion and its prevention. Materials Testing. Shaping Processes for rheogical materials and metal powders: Powder metallurgy, injection moulding, compression moulding, blow moulding, transfer moulding, etc.
PRE332: DESIGN OF MACHINE ELEMENTS I:(3 CREDITS)
Principles and methods of design. Strength calculations. Standards. Preferred numbers and fits. Materials, standard sections and dimensions. Failure and factors of safety.
Design of the following: Riveted joints. Welded joints. Threaded joints. Springs. Friction drives. Belt and rope drives. Chain drives. Power screws. Brakes. Couplings and clutches. Machine Frame. Keys. Cotters and spine joints.
PRE411: MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN PRODUCTION ENGINEERING (3 CREDITS)
1. Complex Variables: Complex functions of a real variable. Elementary functions of a complex variable. Differentiation of complex variables. Cauchy-Riemann equations. Analytic and Harmonic functions. Integration of complex variables. Cauchy’s theorem, poles and residues. Simple examples of expansion in Taylor and Laurent series. Conformal mappings.
2. Integral Transforms: Laplace and Fourier transform. Application to boundary value problems in mathematical physics.
3. Introduction to Non-linear Differential Equations:
(a) Stability of linear systems and the phase portraits.
(b) Long time behaviour of the solution of non-linear differential equations deduced from related linear systems.
4. Calculus of Variations: Lagrange’s equation and applications. Hamilton’s principle and Geodesic problems (formal proofs of the related theorems will not be required). Iso-perimetric problems.
(a) Probability: Probability laws, conditional probability and dependence of events. Discrete and continuous probability distribution. The probability functions: the density function and the distribution function. Expected values; moments, standard distributions, binomial, Poison normal.
(b) Statistics: Regression and Correlation: The method of least squares: linear and curvilliar regression. Correlation, total, partial and multiple. Large sampling Theory: Sampling distribution of mean, proportion, difference of means and proportion. Confidence interval for mean, proportion, difference of two means and proportions.
5. Test of Hypotheses: Types I and II errors. Power of a test. Large sample-test concerning the mean, proportion, difference of two means and proportions.
6. Quality control
PRE: 421: PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY II (3 CREDITS)
Mechanics of Metal Cutting. Tool life and Tool wear. Cutting fluids and surface roughness. Economics of metal cutting. Broaching: Types of broaches, tool material, heat treatment, grinding, fixtures, broaching compared to other machining processes, pulling head. Surface finishing operations: Lapping, Honing, Super-finishing, Polishing, etc.
Gear manufacturing methods: Gear generation by Hobbing, Shaping, milling, Gear finishing and grinding.
Screw thread production: rolling, grinding, milling, Diehead Inspection.
Non – traditional machining processes e.g. ultrasonic, electro – discharge machining (EDM), electro – chemical machining (ECM), etc.
Metal finishing operations: Surface preparation, Electroplating, dipping, diffusion and sprayed coating, etc. Flow turning of metals.
PRE431: DESIGN OF MACHINE ELEMENTS II(3 CREDITS)
Design of the following: Gears – spur gears, helical gears, bevel gears, worms, etc. Reduction gears and variable – speed drives. Shafts and axles, Shaft – hub joints, Sliding – contact bearings. Rolling contact bearings. Flywheels. Levers.
Cam mechanism design. Use of handbooks and standards. Selection. Electrical drives. Optimum design of machine elements and mechanisms. Choice of manufacturing processes on design of machine elements, assembly and performance.
PRE441: MACHINE TOOL TECHNOLOGY I (3 CREDITS)
Main features of machine tool design: Mechanical transmission. Design of gear boxes.
Speed characteristics, speed range, speed constant (ratio). Determination of the ratio and series of preferred numbers. Design of simple gear trains and ray diagrams. Determination of gear ratios for gear blocks and gear teeth number. Slotted link-reciprocating motion. Whitworth quick return mechanisms.
Hydraulic transmission. Simple hydraulic circuit. Pumps and elliptical gear pumps.
Variable delivery pumps and piston pumps. Design for rigidity. Static and dynamic stiffness. Compliance. Stiffness and compliance of sub–assemblies. Gear transmission.
Bearing design. Journal bearings, ball bearings and roller bearings in machine tool.
Hydrostatic and aerostatic bearings.
Installation of machine tools. Basic consideration, damping and absorption methods.
PRE451: METROLOGY (3 CREDITS)
Measurement of length: Light rays. Block gauges. Comparison with known lengths. Graduated scales.
Angular Measurement: Combination angle gauges. Sine bars. Auto-collimator. Angle dekkor. Precision level. Straightness and flatness of surfaces. Taper measurement.
Geometrical measurement with respect to another surface: Straightness, flatness, squareness, roundness, cylindricity, concentricity, parallelism and taper.
Screw Thread Measurement: Thread elements. Measurement of major diameter, minor diameter, simple effective diameter, thread pitch, thread form, virtual effective diameter.
Gear measurement: The involute form. Gear tooth elements. Rolling gear test. Measurement of gear tooth profile, gear tooth thickness, gear pitch.
Measurement and analysis of surface finish.
Limits, Fits and Tolerances: Hole and shaft –basis systems. Basic simple assemblies. Limit gauging. Principles of gauging. Gauge tolerances.
Optical Flat and interferometry. Accuracy of Measuring Systems. Alignment tests on machine tools. Principles of automatic dimensional control.
PRE461: INTRODUCTION TO INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (3 CREDITS)
Classification of modern Industry. Industrial activities. Productivity and its effect on economic development and the standard of living of the citizens of a nation.
Work design and Measurement: Control, Operation and Design of manned industrial and service systems. Methods and techniques to measure work performance. Safety engineering. Principle and procedure to design and operate systems that involve people for maximal safety. Job satisfaction and efficiency. Principles of motion economy.
Plant location. Selection and procedures for location. Plant and workplace layout. Material Handling Principles. Selective treatment of other basic techniques actually used by industrial engineers.
PRE473: HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING (3 CREDITS)
Basic human factors. Principles of Procrustean Ergonomics. Task and skill analysis. Design trade-offs Environment considerations.
Display design. Mechanical and electrical displays. Optical displays.
Digital readouts. Auditory signals.
Fatigue. Methods of measurement. Illumination, Noise. Pollution Control. Ventilation and human comfort design. Effects of training on productivity. Learning curves.
Product liability. Biodynamic and Biostatic Mechanics. Introduction to Workspace and workplace design. Kinesiology.
PRE521: PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT I (3 CREDITS)
Principles of production. Types of production processes. Development of Group Technology and cellular systems.
Materials management. Purchasing methods. Stores and Inventory Control. Engineering Economy. Economic analysis of engineering projects. Selection of appropriate interest rates and methods of analysis, depreciation and tax considerations. Break–even analysis and cost–benefit analysis.
Survey of manufacturing methods in a range of industries, textiles, timber, food, agriculture, etc. Plant visits and essays. Study of some manufacturing industries such as cement, electronics, etc.
Industrial computers and their applications. Small–scale businesses in Production Engineering.
PRE522: PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT II (3 CREDITS)
Production Planning and Control. Principles of Control, Budgetary and cost control. Information processing and control.
Forecasts, principles of forecasting, and simple forecasting models. Scheduling Techniques. Sequencing n–jobs through n–machines. Project scheduling by CPM and PERT methods. PERT–CAST. Crashing of network.
Quality Control. Quality Control principles, total quality concept, economics of quality, process capability, control charts, sampling systems, inspection systems, quality motivation and training.
Principles of reliability engineering, product and process reliability, measures of reliability. Maintenance and repair of systems, management for process reliability, maintainability.
PRE531: DESIGN FOR PRODUCTION (3 CREDITS)
Introduction. Selection of Production Processes. Design of assemblies, sub–assemblies and components from production aspects. Simplification, standardisation, interchangeability, application of limits, fits, surface finish, to design for production and how they affect production cost.
Design of castings avoiding common defects. Design of riser, gating cores. Design of mechanised foundry. Die casting design.
Design of forgings and dies; extrusion, wire drawing dies, roll pass, etc. Selection of welding processes. Design of Weldments. Heat affected zones and prediction of joint strength. Residual stress and stress relieving. Process layout design. Operation planning as applied to semi–automatic and automatic lathes. Design of cams for automatic lathes. Design of limit gauges. Planning of inspection procedures. Case studies in designing for production.
PRE541: MACHINE TOOL TECHNOLOGY II (2 CREDITS)
Trends in the development of machine tools. Design of various types of feed mechanisms. Error correction and compensation. Design of beds, slideways, and columns.
Analysis of cutting forces: Turning and drilling processes. Introduction to the determination of stiffness of lathe machines. Calculation of power consumption of machine tools.
Machine toll spindles and mountings. Design of spindles. Simple treatment of machine tool vibration (chatter), different theories. Methods of elimination and reduction.
Electrical equipment of machine tools: Types of motors and speed control. Starting gears. Electromagnetic devices.
Principles of machine tool design applied to the design of centre lathe and drilling machine.
PRE551: COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN PRODUCTION ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)
Microsoft Office Packages: Microsoft Word, Excel, Access, Power Point
Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing; CAD/CAM: AutoCAD 2002, Alibre Design 2004, Solid Edge
Computer Programming Languages: Microsoft Visual Basic, Net, Visual C++. Net, MatLab
Operations Research and other relevant packages: TOR A, Mdsolid, etc.
Computer practical sessions to demonstrate applications.
PRE561: PRINCIPLES OF OPERATIONS RESEARCH FOR INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (2 CREDITS)
Development of O.R. techniques. Tools. Deterministic, probabilistic and stochastic characters in industrial operations. Scope, theory and application of linear programming models.
Simplex method. Resource allocation, assignment and transportation problems. Duality.
Review of computer programming with special reference to production problems.
PRE564: TECHNOLOGY POLICY AND ENTREPRENEURIAL DEVELOPMENT PRODUCTION ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)
Introduction: Production engineering and the national economy: its scope and impact. The importance of manufacturing: the role of small-scale enterprises (examples from India, Malaysia, Indonesia, etc).
Business ownership: Types and features. Business incorporation. Feasibility Studies, Sources of capital. Book-keeping. Stock-taking. Conducting a market survey, selecting a business opportunity selecting an appropriate technology, choice of location and site obtaining licenses, permits and approvals.
Core Investments: Discussion of (I) organisation (ii) operations (iii) common equipment used and procurement (iv) raw materials: types, brands, sources, (v) personnel requirement, (vi) types of products made, and (vii) investment analysis for the following.
Foundry (b) Machine shop (machine – building, tool making, general, etc) (c) Press shop (d) Welding and fabrication (e) Plastics moulding (f) Forge shop (g) Electro – plating and other metal finishing processes (h) Heat treatment shop (i) Pattern shop (j) Others.
Other Investments: (a) Oil-milling and refining (palm oil, palm kernel oil, groundnut, melon, lemon grass, etc) (b) Flour – milling (maize, yam, plantain, etc) (c) Soap – making (d) Pigments – making (paints, dyes, etc), (e) Others (e.g. solid mineral processing, chemical products, agro-processing, etc).
New Products and Technologies: New products: materials, machines and processes developed in the department, faculty and other universities and research institutes should be discussed.
Plant Visits: Visit to at least 70 percent of the factories discussed is mandatory.
PRE573: HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING & FACILITY LAYOUT (2 CREDITS)
Factory location. Principal factors. Locational model for single factory location and multi-factory location. Factory layout. Flow and activity analysis. Different types of layout. Factors affecting layout. Layout design. Systematic layout planning.Discrete and continuous Facility Design and layout problems. Minimax layout and location problems.
Work place design, Principles of motion economy as applied to human body, Anthropometry and Workspace.
Elements of Forensic Engineering
Applications of human factors data.
PRE581: AUTOMATION AND CONTROL I (3 CREDITS)
Basic definitions and concepts. Control systems in Production Engineering, e.g. NC machine tools, Production–Inventory Control, etc.
Block diagrams and their reduction. Signal flow graphs. Transfer functions. State–space representations. Some common transfer functions.
System Stability: Routh, Hurwitz, etc. stability criteria. System Classification. Error Constants and Sensitivity. Types of System Inputs, Second – Order Systems. Transient and Steady–State Responses. Performance Indices.
Root–Locus Analysis. Root–Locus Design. Bode Analysis. Bode Design. Nyquist Analysis. Nyquist Design. Nicholas Chart Analysis. Nicholas Chart Design.
PRE532: DESIGN OF TOOLS, JIGS AND FIXTURES (4 CREDITS)
Problem of tool design: Historical background. Development and selection of tool materials. Design of cutting tools: geometry of single and multiple point tools. Special purpose tools, etc. Design of turning, boring, form turning tools, chip breakers, throw–away tools, etc. Design of drills, milling cutters, gear cutting tools and broaches.
Press tool design: Calculation of shearing load, tonnage capacity, centre of pressure. Design of punch and die for blanking, piercing, bending, deep drawing, hydroforming etc. Progressive, compound and combination press tools.
Design of Jigs and Fixtures: Introduction, general design principles and methods of location, clamping, indexing. Drill jig bushes. Examples of drilling jigs. Fixtures for lathe, milling, broaching, grinding and welding. Universal standard built up jigs, standard components: Fabrication and material. Economic analysis.
PRE562: INDUSTRIAL OPERATIONS RESEARCH (2 CREDITS)
Queuing problems. Nature and solution of queuing problems. Dynamic programming, applications to industrial problems. Simulation techniques. Monte Carlo methods; Use of computer for system simulation, Introduction to non–linear programming. Geometric Programming. Numerical Methods in Operations Research.
PRE582: AUTOMATION & CONTROL II (3 CREDITS)
General Control System Components; Analogue and digital control systems. Electrical, mechanical, and fluid power transmission. Analogue computation. Digital computer control systems.
Numerical Control of Machine Tools
Philosophy; types (e.g. point–to–point, and contouring), and economics of NC machine tools. Elements of NC machine tools. Some commercially available NC systems. Programming. Elements of post – processor contours and surfaces. Special computer languages. Fluidics components, principles and application to production and handling processes. Introduction to CAD/CAM.
PRE592: PLASTIC WORKING OF METALS (3 CREDITS)
Simple stress and strain. True and engineering strains; strain rate. Determination of flow stress: tensile tests, pure compression, plane–strain compression, ring compression, torsion tests, high strain–rate test. Volume constancy.
Yield in metals: Yield under combined stresses: Mohr’s circle for plane and three–dimensional stresses. Yield criteria: Tresca and Von Mises yield criteria. Types of plastic materials: Perfectly rigid perfectly plastic, elastic–workhardening, workhardening, etc.
Loads and power from local stress evaluation for drawing, forging, extrusion, rolling and press–working operations.
Slip–line field theory. Henky’s equations, velocity fields, velocity discontinuities, hodographs. Applications to forging, drawing and extrusion.
The principle of upper bound analysis. Application to forging, extrusion, deep drawing and metal cutting.
PRE571: ENGINEERING ECONOMICS & ADMINISTRATION (3 CREDITS)
The Management Environment – Formation of a company, sources of finance, money and credit. Insurance, National policies, GNP growth rate and prediction. Balance of payments. Letal liabilities under company law, legal and contractual obligations to employees and the public, contractual obligations.
Organization Management – Principles of organization, span of control. Elements of organization. Types. Principles of management. Schools of thought. Management by objectives.
Financial Management – Accounting methods. Financial statement. Elements of costing. Cost planning and control. Budget and budgetary control. Cost reduction programmes. Depreciation accounting, valuation of assets.
Personal Management – Selection, recruitment and training. Job evaluation. Merit rating. Incentive schemes. Trade unions and collective bargaining.
Industrial Psychology – Individual and Group behaviour. The learning processes. Motivation and Morale. Influence of the Industrial Environment.
PRE572: ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT II (For Non-Production Engineering Students)(3 CREDITS)
Resource Management: Materials Management. Purchasing Methods. Contracts. Stores and Inventory Control. Time Value of Money, Interest formulae. Rate of Return. Methods of Economic Evaluation. Selection between Alternatives.
Planning Decision-Making Forecasting, planning, scheduling. Production control. Gantt Chart. C.P.M. and PERT.
Optimisation. Linear programming as an aid to decision-making. Elementary treatment of decision-making policies under risks and uncertainties.
Transport and Materials Handling Selection of transport media for finished goods, raw materials and equipment. Facility layout and location.
Basic principles of work-study. Principles of motion economy. Ergonomics in the design of equipment and process. Maintenance Engineering
Recommended: Uniben 100 Level to Final year courses